Compared to the Brexit-related fireworks at the end of the second quarter, the third quarter was a quiet time for the markets. The biggest headline and concern throughout the quarter was whether the Fed would raise rates in September. They chose to wait but signaled strongly that a December hike is likely. The good news is that markets generally enjoy quiet news periods. The S&P 500 produced a 3.85% gain for the quarter, and most other equity markets produced stronger gains. The S&P MidCap 400 Index stocks rose by 4.14%, and the Russell 2000 by 9.05%. The solid breadth and participation by small cap stocks was welcome, but most welcome was a return of participation by international markets. The MSCI EAFE Index gained 6.43%, and Emerging Markets rose by 9.03%. Chinese and Brazilian markets led the way among Emerging Markets. Economic data continues to be a net positive, but only a modest one. We continue to see tightening labor markets, but broader economic growth is only modest at best. Ever since 2008, the economy appears unable to reach “exit velocity”; growth is slow and steady, but does not even exceed 3% annually. Europe and Japan had relatively strong equity market performance. However, their longer-term economic struggles remain apparent. The two regions rank near the bottom of our relative strength rankings. Late in the quarter, even a gigantic economic player like Deutsche Bank came under fire, facing a liquidity crisis startling for such a major institution. None of these events change our longer-term view on equities. While stock valuations are elevated we believe longer-term stock returns should be modest compared to historical averages. We maintain a modestly bullish stance, and see few signs of persistent economic weakness.
U.S. Sector Opportunity Portfolio
|iShares U.S. Medical Devices ETF||IHI||9.00%|
|PowerShares S&P SmallCap Info Technology ETF||PSCT||9.00%|
|iShares North American Tech-Software||IGV||9.00%|
|iShares PHLX Semiconductor ETF||SOXX||8.00%|
|First Trust Dow Jones Internet ETF||FDN||8.00%|
|PowerShares S&P SmallCap Industrials ETF||PSCI||7.00%|
|PowerShares S&P SmallCap Health Care ETF||PSCH||7.00%|
|iShares U.S. Broker Dealers ETF||IAI||7.00%|
|First Trust ISE-Revere Natural Gas ETF||FCG||6.00%|
|PowerShares S&P Small Cap Financials ETF||PSCF||6.00%|
|S&P Metals & Mining SPDR||XME||5.00%|
|iShares Mortgage Real Estate Capped ETF||REM||5.00%|
|Vanguard Information Technology ETF||VGT||5.00%|
|VanEck Vectors Coal ETF||KOL||4.00%|
The Sector Opportunity portfolio uses a Relative Strength methodology to rank the top performing sectors over the intermediate term and, by owning these sectors going forward (and avoiding lower-ranked sectors), attempts to outperform the S&P 500. During the quarter, the portfolio increased its allocation to the Technology area, as it has displayed impressive relative strength over the past few months. The Consumer Discretionary sector ranks as weakest in our relative strength analysis, particularly retail.
- Technology rose to the top of our relative strength rankings as the quarter developed, and we now have positions in Semiconductors (SOXX), Internet (FDN), broad Technology (VGT), Small Cap Technology (PSCT), and Software (IGV).
- Materials-oriented sectors still fare very well in our rankings. However, we have reduced our emphasis on the space due to its volatility. We currently own only Metals and Mining (XME) and Coal (KOL).
- We have slowly begun to add Energy to the portfolio, via the Natural Gas equities ETF (FCG). While energy returns have been strong since the bottom in February, the sector’s relative strength appears to have flattened for the most part.
- Relative strength tends to persist and, as evidence of that, we see a number of holdings in our portfolio that have lasted over two quarters. Those include Medical Devices (IHI), Software (IGV), Metals & Mining (XME), and Small Cap Technology (PSCT).
- Medical Devices (IHI), Small Cap Technology (PSCT), and Metals and Mining (XME) were the portfolio’s top contributors. Gold Miners (GDX), Utilities (XLU), and Small Cap Consumer Staples (PSCC) were the top detractors.
The portfolio’s current sector weightings are as follows: Technology 39.0%, Financials 18.0%, Health Care 16.0%, Energy 10.0%, Industrials 7.0%, Materials 5.0%, and Cash 5.0%. The portfolio is not allocated towards the Consumer Discretionary, Telecommunications, or Utilities sectors.
International Opportunity Portfolio
|S&P China SPDR||GXC||16.00%|
|WisdomTree India Earnings ETF||EPI||14.00%|
|iShares South Korea ETF||EWY||12.00%|
|VanEck Vectors Russia ETF||RSX||10.00%|
|iShares Brazil ETF||EWZ||10.00%|
|iShares Taiwan ETF||EWT||8.00%|
|VanEck Vector Indonesia ETF||IDX||7.00%|
|iShares New Zealand ETF||ENZL||7.00%|
|Global X MSCI Argentina ETF||ARGT||6.00%|
|iShares Hong Kong ETF||EWH||5.00%|
The International Opportunity portfolio’s stated mission is to allocate tactically between international country and region ETFs that are displaying significant Relative Strength (and avoiding those that do not) and, in doing so, to attempt to outperform the MSCI All Country World ex-USA Index. International markets, particularly emerging markets, underwent a full-on bear market between late 2014 and early 2016. We now see that emerging markets, particularly commodity-producing markets, put in important lows during the first quarter. Since then they have been providing market leadership, while Europe’s economic struggles (signified by negative interest rates across the continent) means it has been pulling up the rear. Here are some other important developments in the portfolio during the quarter:
- The biggest change in the portfolio during the quarter was the rise of the China complex. The portfolio added positions in China (GXC), Hong Kong (EWH), and Taiwan (EWT). Each of these ETFs saw an important price and relative strength break higher in August.
- Latin America continues to be strong in our work, particularly Brazil (EWZ), along with a recently resurgent Argentina (ARGT). Political and economic crises in both nations led them to be long-term oversold early in 2016. In our view, their reversal has been impressive and because they had been so oversold, we were encouraged that their outperformance had a great chance to be sustainable.
- Asia ex-Japan nations dominate our country rankings. In addition to China, India (EPI), South Korea (EWY), and Indonesia (IDX) are current holdings and are in the top quartile of our relative strength ranks.
- Europe’s struggles are manifest in our relative strength rankings, whereas Italy (EWI), Spain (EWP), Ireland (EIRL), and Greece (GREK) have resided near the bottom for many weeks.
Brazil (EWZ), New Zealand (ENZL), and Russia (RSX) were the portfolio’s top contributors, while the Philippines (EPHE), Chile (ECH), and South Africa (EZA) were the top detractors.
The portfolio’s regional allocations are as follows: 62.0% to Emerging Asia, 16% to Latin America, 10% to Russia, 7% to Developed Asia, and 5.0% to cash.
Style Opportunity Portfolio
|iShares Russell 2000 ETF||IWM||45.00%|
|PowerShares S&P 500 High Beta ETF||SPHB||27.00%|
|iShares Russell 2000 Value ETF||IWN||25.00%|
The Style Opportunity portfolio ranks a number of U.S. equity styles and factors using Clark Capital’s Relative Strength-based ranking methodology, and then assembles them into a broad-based portfolio that attempts to outperform the Russell 3000. During the first half of 2016, we saw that the long-standing trend favoring growth over value had reversed, and the Style portfolio has thus shifted from growth stocks to value stocks and now small caps. As the quarter developed, small cap stocks came to dominate the portfolio’s allocations, and our rankings show that it is the capitalization factor that is dominating, not value or growth. Here are some additional key developments in the portfolio during the quarter:
- Among the major Morningstar style boxes, Small Cap Value (IWN) continues to top our rankings. A more important change was that strong market breadth and a risk-on market mentality helped the S&P 500 High Beta ETF (SPHB) move from the bottom to near the top of our rankings during the quarter.
- High dividend paying stocks (HDV) and low volatility (USMV) followed the opposite course. As of June 30th, they topped our rankings, but at the end of the third quarter both found themselves in the bottom quartile of our ranks. We sold the positions early in the third quarter.
- Corporate buybacks are considered to have been a key driver of the secular bull market since 2009. However, the buyback ETF in our universe, PowerShares BuyBack Achievers (PKW) has fared poorly and ranked at the bottom of our Relative Strength matrix during the entirety of the third quarter.
- The top contributors to the portfolio during the third quarter were the iShares Russell 2000 (IWM) and the iShares Russell MidCap Value (IWS). The top detractors were the iShares High Dividend Equity (HDV) and the iShares MSCI USA Minimum Volatility (USMV).
Global Tactical Portfolio
|iShares Asia Ex-Japan ETF||AAXJ||12.00%|
|iShares Latin America 40 ETF||ILF||12.00%|
|iShares Russell 2000 Value ETF||IWN||12.00%|
|iShares Russell 2000 Growth ETF||IWO||12.00%|
|Vanguard Information Technology ETF||VGT||12.00%|
|Vanguard Emerging Markets ETF||VWO||12.00%|
|Gold Shares SPDR||GLD||6.00%|
|S&P China SPDR||GXC||6.00%|
|Vanguard Materials ETF||VAW||6.00%|
|S&P Metals & Mining SPDR||XME||6.00%|
The methodology of the Global Tactical portfolio is to select ETFs that are part of a narrowed-down universe of 32 U.S. equity styles, sectors, country/regions, and commodities. The portfolio’s methodology has been modified to use the Fixed Income Total Return model to manage risk. When the Fixed Income Total Return model is positive towards High Yield Bonds (and thus positive on credit risk and market risk in general), the portfolio will select from its 32 ETF universe made up primarily of equities. However, when the Fixed Income Total Return model indicates caution, the portfolio will add U.S. Treasuries or cash in line with the model’s indications. With the Fixed Income Total Return model making new highs constantly throughout the quarter, we maintained a strong position in equities in accordance with our relative strength rankings. The following were other key portfolio developments during the quarter::
- The portfolio currently has two areas of emphasis: the energy/materials/commodities sphere and Emerging Markets. These two areas are, of course, strongly correlated. We are constantly examining our position size and attempt to diversify as much as our models will allow.
- Emerging Markets represents 42% of the portfolio, including holdings in broad Emerging Markets (VWO), Asia ex Japan (AAXJ), Latin America (ILF), and China (GXC).
- Under the portfolio’s methodology, normally you will see the portfolio allocate to the top eight ranked ETFs in our universe of 32 available ETFs, weighting each position equally at 12%.
Metals & Mining (XME) and Latin America (ILF) were the portfolio’s top contributors, while Utilities (XLU) and Australia (EWA) were the top detractors.
- Europe (EZU), the U.K. (EWU), the Consumer Discretionary sector (XLY), and the Consumer Staples sector (XLP) are at the bottom of our 32 ETF available investment universe for the Global Tactical portfolio.
- Technology, U.S. Small Caps, and Asia-focused emerging markets top our relative rankings at this time.
|iShares Core S&P Mid Cap ETF||IJH||9.00%|
|LoCorr Commodity Long/Short Strategy Inst'l||LCSIX||8.00%|
|Blackrock Event Driven Equity||BILPX||8.00%|
|AQR Managed Futures High Volatility I||QMHIX||8.00%|
|Neuberger Berman Long / Short Inst'l||NLSIX||7.00%|
|Blackrock Global Credit Long – Short Instl||BGCIX||7.00%|
|Nuveen High Yield Municipal Bond NHMRX||NHMRX||7.00%|
|iShares Russell 2000||IWM||7.00%|
|iShares Gold Trust||IAU||5.00%|
|Barclays High Yield Bond SPDR||JNK||4.00%|
|iShares iBoxx High Yield Corporate Bond ETF||HYG||4.00%|
|iShares Core Emerging Markets ETF||IEMG||3.00%|
|Barclays Convertible Bond SPDR||CWB||2.00%|
|iPath Bloomberg Coffee ETN||JO||2.00%|
The Alternative Opportunity portfolio contains a well-diversified mix of themes which breaks down as follows: Alternative-Oriented Mutual Funds 45.0%, Tactical Global Equity 22.0%, Fixed Income 10.0%, Commodities 7.0%, and Cash 16.0%. The following are some important events that occurred in the portfolio during the quarter:
- The portfolio made a number of changes to our core liquid alternative mutual fund lineup. We added LoCorr Long/Short Commodities (LCSIX), Nuveen High Yield Muni Bond (NHMRX), and BlackRock Event Driven Equity (BILPX) to the portfolio. The funds all rank highly in their respective categories. More importantly, the funds were chosen for their non-correlation to equity and bond markets – and their non-correlation to each other. The categories of the three funds – managed futures, merger arbitrage, and high yield muni bond – are some of the least correlated categories to equity and bonds.
- The top contributors to return for the quarter were inverse volatility (XIV), the Russell 2000 (IWM), and Mid Cap stocks (IJH), while the top detractors were AQR Managed Futures High Volatility (QMHIX), iPath Bloomberg Grains ETN (JJG), and iShares Gold Trust (IAU).
- The core liquid alternative portion of the portfolio’s primary purpose is to provide non-correlated alternative exposure and includes six mutual funds in the long/short credit, long/short equity, long/short commodity, managed futures, high yield muni bond, and merger arbitrage areas. We added one final piece to the portfolio’s core – a position in gold, which could be either long or short. We currently are long gold, but the position is a tenuous one.
- The remainder of the portfolio includes a small position in Coffee (JO), positions in Small and Mid Cap U.S. stocks (IWM and IJH), Emerging Markets (VWO), High Yield Bonds (JNK and HYG), and Convertible Bonds (CWB). Growing market breadth and a recovery in commodities and emerging markets helped these positions during the third quarter.
Fixed Income Total Return
|iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond ETF||HYG||24.00%|
|Barclays High Yield Bond SPDR||JNK||19.00%|
|BlackRock High Yield Bond||BRHYX||12.00%|
|JPMorgan High Yield Bond Select||OHYFX||9.00%|
|Lord Abbett High Yield||LAHYX||9.00%|
|PIMCO High Yield Bond Inst'l||PHIYX||8.00%|
|AB High Income||AGDYX||8.00%|
|Barclays Short-Term High Yield Bond SPDR||SJNK||5.00%|
|PIMCO High Yield Spectrum Inst'l||PHSIX||4.00%|
The Fixed Income Total Return (FITR) portfolio entered 2016 in a defensive position owning 100% U.S. Treasuries. The defensive bias immediately paid off, as fear took over and credit markets underwent a dramatic decline into mid-February. For a brief period, High Yield bonds yielded the most since 2009. When the trend became extreme and began to reverse, it took less than three weeks for the FITR model to become aggressive and buy back into High Yield at the end of February. Since February, credit markets have been strong, led by a dramatic decrease in High Yield bond yields, as sentiment improved with regard to the energy and materials sectors in particular. Our model favored High Yield and was at an all-time high coming into the Brexit vote. In just two days, the combined strength in Treasuries and weakness in High Yield nearly forced us to sell and become defensive – but only nearly. The quick, dramatic rally after the two day decline in the aftermath of the vote affirmed our view that the Brexit vote was a sentiment-related and not economy-related event. Since then credit markets continued to gradually strengthen, with yields grinding lower while Treasuries were flat or declined. Stability (at least) in energy markets, along with recovering foreign markets, served as key supporting factors. Here are some additional developments from the portfolio during the quarter:
- The Barclays US High Yield Corporate Bond Index was up 5.5% for the third quarter, while the Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index was up 0.46%. High Yield performance was driven by the Energy and Telecomm sectors. B and CCC credits were stronger than BB.
- As of September 30th, the resulting duration of the FITR portfolio is 3.64, with a Current Yield of 6.26%. The average maturity is 6.60 years, and average credit quality is B+.
- On the quarter, the portfolio’s top contributors were High Yield Bond ETFs (JNK and HYG), and BlackRock High Yield Bond (BRHYX). The portfolio’s top detractors were the Barclays Short-Term High Yield Bond SPDR (SJNK), PIMCO High Yield Spectrum (PHSIX), and AB High Income (AGDYX).
- While many commentators voice great concern that High Yield Bonds are in a bubble, a longer term view reveals that High Yield spreads expanded greatly amidst February’s sell-off, creating a major buying opportunity and have only now returned to near longer term averages. We believe that an Option-Adjusted Spread (OAS) of below 300 basis points represents a roughly fully valued High Yield market. Currently the OAS is 480 basis points, with more room to decline.
Sentry Managed Volatility Portfolio
|Navigator Sentry Managed Volatility Fund||NVXIX||95.00%|
Latest Update: October 1st, 2016
Hedging one’s equity exposure during a strong market for equities – or even just a flat market for equities – is an exercise in patience and understanding the proper role of a hedge in a broader portfolio. When our assessment of the markets is broadly bullish – as it is for 2016 – the Navigator Sentry Managed Volatility Fund attempts to manage the cost of hedging while maintaining a minimal hedge required to safeguard client assets. Under these circumstances, the Navigator Sentry Managed Volatility Fund is a net loser in client portfolios, waiting for its day when protection will shine.
For most of the third quarter, the S&P 500 was struggling higher. After a sharp sell-off following the Brexit vote, the S&P 500 staged a big rally and made new highs on August 15th. After an initial decline, markets attempted to re-make new highs. So far, the prior highs have served as resistance. However, you cannot call the pattern bearish, as the S&P 500 remains just a few percentage points away from all-time highs. The Sentry Managed Volatility Fund (NVXIX) maintains its strategy of always owning protection for the portfolio and uses methods to short volatility (but is only a way in which our downside is managed) in order to partially fund the cost of the hedge. With markets enjoying a strong third quarter, the fund was a drag on equity portfolios, and by design. Looking forward, given strong market breadth, renewed international market strength, and slow but steady economic growth, we continue to hold a mildly bullish longer-term outlook for equity markets.
This material is not financial advice or an offer to sell any product. Not every client’s account will have these exact characteristics. The actual characteristics with respect to any particular client account will vary based on a number of factors including but not limited to: (i) the size of the account; (ii) investment restrictions applicable to the account, if any; and (iii) market exigencies at the time of investment.Clark Capital Management Group, Inc. reserves the right to modify its current investment strategies and techniques based on changing market dynamics or client needs. The information provided in this report should not be considered a recommendation to purchase or sell any particular security, sector or industry. There is no assurance that any securities, sectors or industries discussed herein will be included in an account’s portfolio at the time you receive this report or that securities sold have not been repurchased. Asset allocation will vary and the samples shown may not represent an account’s entire portfolio and in the aggregate may represent only a small percentage of an account’s portfolio holdings. It should not be assumed that any of the securities transactions, holdings or sectors discussed were or will prove to be profitable, or that the investment recommendations or decisions we make in the future will be profitable or will equal the investment performance of the securities discussed herein. Clark Capital Management Group, Inc. is an investment adviser registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training. More information about Clark Capital’s advisory services and fees can be found in its Form ADV Part 2A Appendix 1 Wrap Fee Brochure which is available upon request. All recommendations for the last 12 months are available upon request.
The MSCI EAFE Index (Europe, Australasia, Far East) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets, excluding the U.S. & Canada.
The Barclays U.S. Corporate High-Yield Index covers the U.S. dollar-denominated, non-investment grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bond market. Securities are classified as high-yield if the middle rating of Moody’s, Fitch, and S&P is Ba1/BB+/BB+ or below.
Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index: The index is unmanaged and measures the performance of the investment grade, U.S. dollar denominated, fixed-rate taxable bond market, including Treasuries and government-related and corporate securities that have a remaining maturity of at least one year.
The S&P 500 measures the performance of the 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy, capturing 75% of U.S. equities.
Russell 2000 Index measures the performance of the 2,000 smallest companies in the Russell 3000 Index representing approximately 8% of total market capitalization of the Russell 3000.
The Russell 3000 Index measures the performance of the 3000 largest U.S. companies based on total market capitalization, which represents approximately 98% of the investable U.S. equity market. The S&P 500 measures the performance of the 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy, capturing 75% of U.S. equities.
The S&P MidCap 400 Index represents US mid-sized companies covering over 7% of the U.S. equity market.
The MSCI World ex US Index is a market capitalization-weighted index designed to measure equity performance in 22 global developed markets, excluding the United States. The MSCI World Ex US Net Index is generally representative of international equities. Index returns reflect the reinvestment of income and other earnings, are provided to represent the investment environment shown, and are not covered by the report of independent verifiers.
These portfolio holdings and weightings reflect portfolio models that may or may not have changes since publication. Actual client holdings and weightings may or may not differ. Performance since position initiated reflects the performance of security from the closing price of the day before the initial purchase date. This performance does not reflect actual performance of any actual client position or account. In addition, performance does not reflect total performance of a specific position as allocations are often reduced or increased. This performance does not reflect the deductions of any fees. For information on fees see the Form ADV Part 2A Appendix 1 Wrap Fee Brochure for Unified Solutions. This research has not been reviewed by FINRA. The S&P 500 Index is an unmanaged market capitalization weighted index of 500 common stocks chosen for market size, liquidity, and industry group representation to represent U.S. equity performance. It represents approximately 75% of the U.S. equities market. Index returns do not reflect fee deductions. Benchmark index performance provided by Bloomberg and includes dividends. It is not possible to make an investment directly in any index.
Non-Reliance and Risk Disclosure: This material has been prepared by Clark Capital Management Group. This material should not be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security in any jurisdiction where such an offer or solicitation would be illegal. We are not soliciting any action based on this material. It is for the general information of our clients. It does not constitute a recommendation or take into account the particular investment objectives, financial conditions, or needs of individual clients. Before acting on this material, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and, if necessary, seek professional advice. The price and value of the investments referred to in this material and the income from them may go down as well as up, and investors may realize losses on any investments. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. Future returns are not guaranteed, and a loss of original capital may occur. We do not provide tax, accounting, or legal advice to our clients, and all investors are advised to consult with their tax, accounting, or legal advisers regarding any potential investment. All indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly. The volatility (beta) of a client’s portfolio may be greater or less than its respective benchmark. It is not possible to invest in these indices. High Yield Fixed Income are lower-rated securities, have credit risk, and are especially price sensitive when interest rates rise. Components with international securities may be more susceptible to political, economic, and financial events, or natural disasters than U.S. securities. In the Alternative investments, Real Estate has risks associated with direct ownership; valuations of real estate may be affected by economic or financial conditions or catastrophic events resulting from forces of nature or terrorist acts. Currencies have risk related to political, economic, or financial events, or natural disasters; a country’s debt level and trade deficits; government intervention in the currency market; and currency exchange rates. Energy investments have risk from volatility of global prices, regulation by governments and contractual price fixing, asset class risk, and currency risk. Commodities are affected by global supply and demand; domestic and foreign interest rates; political, economic, financial events, or natural disasters; regulatory and exchange position limits; and concentration within a commodity. Absolute investment strategies may deviate substantially from overall market returns; foreign securities, particularly those of emerging markets, are susceptible to political, economic, and financial events, or natural disasters; the use of derivatives may have a large impact on the segment as may use of investments involving leverage. Global Infrastructure investments include investment in companies that principally engage in management, ownership, and operation of infrastructure and utility assets. Global infrastructure investing includes security, political, and geographical risks, among others. Commodity investments are vehicles used by investors to gain exposure to commodities and commodity futures. There are a number of ways investors can gain exposure to commodities. Transactions in commodities carry a high degree of risk, and a substantial potential for loss. Emerging Markets are typically countries in the process of industrialization, with lower gross domestic product (GDP) per capita than more developed countries. International investments involve special risks such as fluctuations in currency, foreign taxation, economic and political risks, and differences in accounting and financial standards. Emerging market investments are more risky than developed market investments. Returns and principal invested in stocks are not guaranteed. Small stocks are more volatile than large stocks and are subject to significant price fluctuations, business risks, and are thinly traded.
Special Risk Disclosure related to U.S. Registered Exchange-Traded Funds (“ETFs”) and Exchange-Traded Notes (“ETNs”): To the extent this communication contains information pertaining to U.S. registered ETFs or ETNs, consider the investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses of the ETFs and ETNs carefully before investing. Each ETF and ETN has filed a registration statement (including a prospectus) with the SEC which contains this and other information about the ETF or ETN as applicable. Before you invest in an ETF or ETN, you should obtain and read carefully the prospectus in the registration statement and other documents the issuer has filed with the SEC for more complete information about the product. You may get these documents for free by visiting EDGAR on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Alternatively, you may obtain a copy of the prospectus for each of the ETFs and ETNs mentioned in these materials by contacting the ETF sponsoring company. ETFs are redeemable only in Creation Unit size aggregations and may not be individually redeemed; are redeemable only though Authorized Participants; and are redeemable on an “in-kind” basis. The public trading price of a redeemable lot of the ETFs may be different from its net asset value. These ETFs can trade at a discount or premium to the net asset value. There is always a fundamental risk of declining stock prices, which can cause losses to your investment. Most leveraged and inverse ETFs “reset” daily, meaning that they are designed to achieve their stated objectives on a daily basis. Due to the effect of compounding, their performance over longer periods of time can differ significantly from the performance (or inverse of the performance) of their underlying index or benchmark during the same period of time and as such are not meant to be held for the long term. This effect can be magnified in volatile markets. Prior to entering into a transaction in leveraged or inverse ETFs, you should be aware of the general risks associated with such transactions. You should not enter into leveraged or inverse ETFs transactions unless you understand the nature and extent of your risk exposure. You should also be satisfied that the leveraged or inverse ETFs transaction is appropriate for you in light of your circumstances and financial condition.
The relative strength measure is based on historical information and should not be considered a guaranteed prediction of market activity. It is one of many indicators that may be used to analyze market data for investing purposes. The relative strength measure has certain limitations such as the calculation results being impacted by an extreme change in a security price.