In our Outlook last year, we stated that “High yield bonds had one of the best risk-adjusted return profiles.” High yield bonds certainly did turn in a great performance in 2016 with the Barclays High Yield Index up 17.13%. In a highly anticipated and telegraphed move, the Federal Reserve hiked interest rates for only the second time in over a decade during the fourth quarter and, leading up to the event, there was some fear and trepidation about the impact that any rate hike would have on the fixed income markets. So far this time, as with the rate hike in 2015, there has been no real negative impact on the markets. We have often said that we believe high yield would outperform in rising interest rate environments.

Over the past 23 years, there have been seven instances where the 10-year Treasury yield has risen by over 100 bps. In each one of those cases, high yield bonds posted positive total returns while Treasuries were lower across the curve. The current case, now the eighth time rates have risen by at least 100 bps, is no exception. The 10-year Treasury yield bottomed on July 8th at 1.36% and so far has risen to a high of 2.60% on December 16th, rising nearly 125 bps. From that point to the end of the year, the Barclays 7-10 Year Treasury Index was down 6.96% while the Barclays High Yield Index was up 5.93%, outperforming Treasuries by 1289 bps.

Our long-term view on interest rates is that the low is in and a new secular bear market has begun. However, that does not mean that fixed income investors are doomed to experience losses. History suggests quite the opposite. For example, the 10-year Treasury yield has risen in 19 of the 41 years since the inception of the Barclays Aggregate Bond Index. In 16 of those years, or 84% of the time, the Aggregate Bond Index gained as rates rose. In addition, yields rose in 13 of the 33 years since the inception of the Barclays High Yield Index. High yields rose in 10 of the 13 years, or 77% of the time, and the average gain in those years was 11%. In addition, yields rose in 16 of the 37 years since the inception of the Barclays Municipal Bond Index. Muni bonds rose in 11 of the 16 years, or 69% of the time that rates were rising. Finally, using the Barclays Aggregate Bond Index since its inception, only 1% of the total return has been from price appreciation, 16% of the index total return has been from coupons, and a staggering 83% of the index return has been from reinvesting coupons. This is why higher rates are not entirely bad, higher rates often mean higher coupons and more reinvestment income.

Fourth Quarter Attribution

The Fixed Income Total Return (FITR) portfolio remained fully invested in high yield for the duration of the quarter, as it has been since taking a risk-on posture on February 29th. For the quarter, the Fixed Income Total Return portfolio rose 1.34% gross of fees (0.58% net of 3.00% max fee). For calendar year 2016, the portfolio gained 17.98% gross of fees (14.53% net of 3.00% max fee), outperforming both of its benchmarks. For comparison, the Barclays High Yield Bond Index gained 1.75% and the Aggregate Bond Index lost 2.98% during the fourth quarter and they gained 17.13% and 2.65% respectively for the year. The strategy’s strong returns were primarily driven by the asset class decisions.

The story in the fourth quarter was the surprise election win by Donald Trump and the much anticipated Fed rate hike. The rate hike had no real impact on the markets but the Trump victory caused a risk-on rally as investors looked toward anticipated pro-growth policies to boost economic growth expectations. As a result, those areas of the credit markets levered to the economy performed well and those with longer durations and more interest rate sensitivity, such as Treasuries and municipal bonds, got hit hard. Credit spreads have now declined from a high of 840 bps on February 11th to 363 bps at yearend. Credit spreads are now at their lowest levels since the energy decline in mid-2014. In that vein, it appears that high yield is approaching fully valued levels, but as history has shown in the past, credit spreads can remain low for years in a moderately expanding economic environment.

Outlook

The 10-year Treasury yield surged from a post-Brexit low of 1.36% to a post-Trump high of 2.60%, rising nearly 125 bps. The 10-year yield ended the year at 2.45%. Essentially the 10-year Treasury yield made a round trip with the journey beginning with a 100 bps decline early in the year, followed by a Trump election victory surge. Our expectation is that the pace of the backup in yields will slow as widespread pessimism among bond investors is now evident. As a result, we may witness this current area holding for the moment as yields consolidate. Our intermediate-term stance is that we will see the 3.0% level on the 10-year Treasury Note, which represents the January 2014 high, and in our opinion that level is key to the long-term outlook. While 3.0% is our intermediate-term upside target for yields, we think yields could back off of that level and we have a year-end target of 2.75%.

We continue to favor credit and as such are fully exposed to high yield in the Fixed Income Total Return portfolio. While it is unlikely that we will see the same surge in credit this year as we saw in 2016, with little chance of recession over the next 12 months and higher interest rates coming, we continue to overweight credit. History shows that spreads can remain tight for a long period of time without an economic downturn. Additionally, higher inflation means a reduced probability of default, and historically, higher inflation expectations have correlated with falling credit spreads.

The opinions expressed are those of the Clark Capital Management Group Investment Team. The opinions referenced are as of the date of publication and are subject to change due to changes in the market or economic conditions and may not necessarily come to pass. There is no guarantee of the future performance of any Clark Capital investment portfolio. Material presented has been derived from sources considered to be reliable, but the investment singular accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. Nothing herein should be construed as a solicitation, recommendation or an offer to buy, sell or hold any securities, other investments or to adopt any investment strategy or strategies. For educational use only. This information is not intended to serve as investment advice. This material is not intended to be relied upon as a forecast or research. The investment or strategy discussed may not be suitable for all investors. Investors must make their own decisions based on their specific investment objectives and financial circumstances. Past performance does not guarantee future results. All investments involve risk, including loss of principal and there is no guarantee that investment objectives will be met.

This document may contain certain information that constitutes forward-looking statements which can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “expect,” “will,” “hope,” “forecast,” “intend,” “target,” “believe,” and/or comparable terminology (or the negative thereof). No assurance, representation, or warranty is made by any person that any of Clark Capital’s assumptions, expectations, objectives, and/or goals will be achieved. Nothing contained in this document may be relied upon as a guarantee, promise, assurance, or representation as to the future.

The S&P 500 measures the performance of the 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy, capturing 75% of U.S. equities.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a stock market index that shows how 30 large publicly owned companies based in the U.S. have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market.

The MSCI EAFE Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure the equity market performers of developed markets outside the U.S. and Canada.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a free float adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance in the global emerging markets.

The Russell 3000® Index measures the performance of the 3,000 largest U.S. companies based on total market capitalization, which represents approximately 98% of the investable U.S. equity market.

The CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) is a forward looking index of market risk which shows expectation of volatility over the coming 30 days.

The volatility (beta) of a client’s portfolio may be greater or less than its respective benchmark. It is not possible to invest in these indices.

Barclays U.S. Government and Credit Bond Index measures the performance of U.S. dollar denominated U.S. Treasuries, government-related and investment grade U.S. corporate securities that have a remaining maturity of greater than one year.

The Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index covers the U.S. investment-grade fixed-rate bond market, including government and credit securities, agency mortgage pass-through securities, asset-backed securities and commercial mortgage-based securities. To qualify for inclusion, a bond or security must have at least one year to final maturity and be rated investment grade Baa3 or better, dollar denominated, non-convertible, fixed rate and publicly issued.

The B of A Merrill Lynch U.S. High Yield Index tracks the performance of below investment grade U.S. dollar-denominated corporate bonds publicly issued in the U.S. domestic market.

The Barclays 7-10 Year Treasury Index tracks the investment results of an index comprised of the U.S. Treasury bonds with remaining maturities between seven and ten years.

The Barclays 20+ Year Treasury Index tracks the investment results of an index comprised of the U.S. Treasury bonds with remaining maturities greater than twenty years.

The Barclays Long-Term Treasury Index tracks the performance of the long-term U.S. government bond market.

The Barclays U.S. Corporate High-Yield Index covers the U.S. dollar-denominated, non-investment grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bond market. Securities are classified as high-yield if the middle rating of Moody’s, Fitch, and S&P is Ba1/BB+/BB+ or below.

The Barclays U.S. Treasury Bond Index is an issuances-weighted index measuring the performance of the U.S. Treasury bond market, one of the largest and most liquid government bond markets in the world.

Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index: The index is unmanaged and measures the performance of the investment grade, U.S. dollar denominated, fixed-rate taxable bond market, including Treasuries and government-related and corporate securities that have a remaining maturity of at least one year.

MSCI All Country World Index is a market capitalization weighted index designed to provide a broad measure of equity-market performance throughout the world. The MSCI ACWI is maintained by Morgan Stanley and is comprised of stocks from both developed and emerging markets.

Index returns include the reinvestment of income and dividends. The returns for these unmanaged indexes do not include any transaction costs, management fees or other costs. It is not possible to make an investment directly in any index.

Gross performance shown is presented gross of investment advisory fees and includes the reinvestment of all income. Gross returns will be reduced by investment advisory fees and other expenses that may be incurred in the management of the account. Net performance includes the deduction of a 3.0% annual wrap fee, which is the highest anticipated wrap fee charged by any sponsor.

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Clark Capital Management Group, Inc. is an investment adviser registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training. More information about Clark Capital’s advisory services and fees can be found in its Form ADV which is available upon request.

The relative strength measure is based on historical information and should not be considered a guaranteed prediction of market activity. It is one of many indicators that may be used to analyze market data for investing purposes. The relative strength measure has certain limitations such as the calculation results being impacted by an extreme change in a security price. Clark Capital Management Group, Inc. reserves the right to modify its current investment strategies and techniques based on changing market dynamics or client needs. It should not be assumed that any of the securities transactions, holdings or sectors discussed were or will prove to be profitable, or that the investment recommendations or decisions we make in the future will be profitable or will equal the investment performance of the securities discussed herein.

CCM-505

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