First Quarter Bounce Back
- The S&P 500 Index bounced back in the first quarter of 2019 with one of its strongest quarters in years.
- Global equity markets also enjoyed a powerful start to 2019. As would be expected during a period of strong equity market gains, volatility continued to move steadily lower in March. The VIX Index, a measure of equity market volatility, dipped below 13 in mid-March, its lowest level of 2019, before settling just below 14 by month’s end.
- Fixed income experienced gains across the credit spectrum in March and during the first quarter of 2019. Although short-lived, the yield curve inverted in late March when comparing the yields of 3-month T-bills and 10-year U.S. Treasuries.
- Economic data remained somewhat mixed in March, but we believe overall economic conditions remain positive.
Considering the strong rally in equities through the first two months of the year, any gains in March were welcome. Large-cap U.S. stocks were able to add to gains to close out the quarter, but small and mid-cap U.S. stocks lost some ground in March. Overall, economic data was not as dire as some had expected and trade negotiations with China appeared to continue to progress to begin 2019.
The extreme pessimism that consumed markets in the fourth quarter of 2018 led to oversold conditions that reversed in the first quarter of 2019. Investors have experienced a lot of volatility over the last six months, but overall, the S&P 500 was down about -13.5% in the fourth quarter of 2018 and gained about 13.7% in the first quarter of 2019. As quick and sharp as the sell off was in the fourth quarter, so too was its recovery in the first quarter of 2019. More bouts of volatility might hit the market as we move through 2019, but we believe year-to-date performance seems to reflect a counter to the overdone nature of the declines that took place in the fourth quarter of 2018.
The numbers for March were as follows: The S&P 500 advanced 1.94%, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) rose by 0.17%, the NASDAQ Composite gained 2.70%, but the Russell 2000 Index, which had been a leader in U.S. equities through February, declined by -2.09% in March.
For the first quarter of 2019, the S&P 500 gained 13.65%, the Russell 2000 was up 14.58%, the DJIA advanced 11.81% and the NASDAQ Composite rallied 16.81%. The leadership of growth stocks has come to the forefront so far in 2019 compared to value stocks. Growth stocks, as measured by the Russell 1000 Growth Index, advanced 2.85% for the month and 16.10% for the quarter, while value stocks, as measured by the Russell 1000 Value Index, gained 0.64% and 11.93%, respectively, in March and in Q1.
International equities started the year off strong as well, but their gains have not been able to keep pace with U.S. equity markets. As U.S. Treasuries rallied late in the month, the U.S. dollar strengthened as well to close out March. We continue to believe that the headwinds international equities faced in 2018, driven in large part by U.S. dollar strength, will be less intense in 2019 as multiple rate hikes by the Federal Reserve (the Fed) are highly unlikely this year.
With this backdrop, emerging market equities, as measured by the MSCI Emerging Markets Index, gained 0.84% in March, putting its year-to-date gain at 9.91%. The MSCI ACWI ex USA Index, a broad measure of international equities, gained 0.60% for the month. For the first quarter of 2019, the gain for this index stood at 10.31%, which puts it slightly ahead of its emerging market counterpart but behind broad U.S. equity indices.
FIXED INCOME MARKETS
U.S. Treasury yields declined rather dramatically in March with the yield on the 10-year U.S. Treasury dropping to its lowest level since 2017. For comparison purposes, this benchmark yield ended February at 2.73% and dropped to 2.41% by the end of March. This rally in Treasuries has been more of a reflection of a dovish shift in Fed policy versus a “risk-off” attitude by the market, since many risk assets have fared well to begin the new year.
Albeit short-lived at this point, the recent rally in longer-dated Treasuries took the yield curve into an inverted position in the latter part of the month when looking at the 10-year U.S. Treasury yield and the yield on 3-month T-bills. At this point, we believe it is too early to draw any definitive conclusions by this recent yield curve action, as other leading economic indicators remain positive. However, we continue to watch the yield curve closely as we assess the economic outlook.
Gains were enjoyed across the fixed income spectrum in March and over the first quarter of 2019. High-yield bonds remained the clear leader for the quarter, but rate-sensitive Treasuries, especially longer-dated bonds, led for the month. Overall, the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index gained 1.92%, the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Credit Index gained 2.44% and the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. High Yield Index advanced by 0.94% in March.
For the quarter, these three indices gained 2.94%, 4.87% and 7.26%, respectively. For some perspective on the strong rally in longer dated Treasuries, the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. 30-Year Treasury Index gained 5.60% for the month, which turned the quarter positive with a three-month gain of 4.98%. TIPS and municipal bonds also gained in March, which added to already positive year-to-date returns.
ECONOMIC DATA AND OUTLOOK
After a disjointed couple of months of economic releases due to the government shutdown, most economic releases are getting back on track. Economic data remained somewhat mixed in March, but mixed results are a far cry from data pointing to an imminent recession, which some feared moving into 2019. An update was made to Q4 2018 GDP, which reduced the prior estimate from 2.6% to 2.2% annualized growth. While below the strong expansion experienced in the middle of 2018, economic growth in the fourth quarter continued to be healthy. Job market data went from a remarkably strong number in January to a remarkably weak number in February.
Non-farm payroll additions in February (released in March) showed only 20,000 job gains, well below the estimate of 180,000. However, this compares to a revised higher 311,000 job additions in January. (Averaging both months together would render a couple solid months of payroll additions.) Despite weak payroll additions, the unemployment rate fell unexpectedly to 3.8% in February compared to estimates of 3.9% and a prior month’s reading of 4.0%. Average hourly earnings were slightly above estimates at a 3.4% gain year-over-year, while the labor force participation rate was unchanged as expected.
The February Institute for Supply Management (ISM) manufacturing index dropped more than expected to 54.2, but the ISM non-manufacturing index, which represents the much larger service industries in the U.S. economy, rose more than anticipated to 59.7. Recall that ISM readings above 50 indicate expansion and both readings remained comfortably in growth territory.
Housing starts and building permits were above expectations for January but were below expectations in February with both data points released in March. Consumer confidence picked up in March, likely aided in part by gains taking place in the stock market. Finally, the Conference Board’s Leading Economic Indicators Index (the Leading Index) increased by 0.2% in February better than the expected 0.1% advance.
Trade negotiations with China continued to lean more positive, but the Brexit outcome remained more and more unsettled as the March deadline to exit was not met but extended. The British government continues to try to finalize a Brexit deal. Domestically, the long-awaited Mueller report was completed and seemed to have taken most of the key concerns off the boil, although the details of this report and its ultimate implications will likely continue to garner headlines for some time.
The dovish tone from the Fed continues to reverberate in 2019 and is likely one of the key factors behind the strength in capital markets to begin the year. The next scheduled FOMC meeting is April 30 – May 1. Markets will remain sensitive to comments by the Fed, but at this point, no rate hikes are expected in 2019 with probabilities leaning to a higher likelihood of no rate hike or even a rate cut by the end of the year. The Fed seems to be in a wait-and-see mode, and the market has embraced this more dovish stance compared to expectations at the end of 2018 that leaned towards at least one rate hike in 2019.
|ISM Non-Manf. Composite||Feb||57.4||59.7||56.7||—|
|Change in Nonfarm Payrolls||Feb||180k||20k||304k||311k|
|Average Hourly Earnings YoY||Feb||3.30%||3.40%||3.20%||3.10%|
|JOLTS Job Openings||Jan||7225k||7581k||7335k||7479k|
|PPI Final Demand MoM||Feb||0.20%||0.10%||-0.10%||—|
|PPI Final Demand YoY||Feb||1.90%||1.90%||2.00%||—|
|PPI Ex Food and Energy MoM||Feb||0.20%||0.10%||0.30%||—|
|PPI Ex Food and Energy YoY||Feb||2.60%||2.50%||2.60%||—|
|CPI Ex Food and Energy MoM||Feb||0.20%||0.10%||0.20%||—|
|CPI Ex Food and Energy YoY||Feb||2.20%||2.10%||2.20%||—|
|Retail Sales Ex Auto and Gas||Jan||0.60%||1.20%||-1.40%||-1.60%|
|Industrial Production MoM||Feb||0.40%||0.10%||-0.60%||-0.10%|
|New Home Sales||Feb||620k||667k||607k||636k|
|Existing Home Sales||Feb||5.10m||5.51m||4.94m||4.93m|
|Durable Goods Orders||Jan F||0.40%||0.30%||0.40%||—|
|GDP Annualized QoQ||4Q T||2.30%||2.20%||2.60%||—|
|U. of Mich. Sentiment||97.8||98.4||97.8||—|
|Personal Income||Mar F||0.30%||0.20%||-0.10%||—|
|S&P CoreLogic CS 20-City YoY NSA||Jan||3.80%||3.58%||4.18%||4.14%|
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